FAQ: How Can Rising Sea Levels Affect The Tourism Industry In Indonesia Quizlet?

How does rising sea levels affect tourism?

The costs of future climate change impacts on coastal tourism are enormous. A hypothetical 1-m sea level rise would result in the loss or damage of 21 airports, inundation of land surrounding 35 ports and at least 149 multi-million dollar tourism resorts damaged or lost from erosion to the coastal beach areas.

How is Indonesia affected by sea level rise?

How is Indonesia affected by sea level rise? The land under Indonesia’s current capital is sinking at an average rate of 1-15 cm per year, with the rates of sinking unevenly distributed around the city’s districts, from 1cm per year in the south to up to 15cm in the west and 25cm in North Jakarta.

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What is a possible consequence of rising sea levels quizlet?

Causes erosion of shorelines and rainforests, flooding of wetlands that house freshwater ecosystems. Caused by global climate changes that is melting sea ice.

What are some effects of rising sea levels?

Consequences. When sea levels rise as rapidly as they have been, even a small increase can have devastating effects on coastal habitats farther inland, it can cause destructive erosion, wetland flooding, aquifer and agricultural soil contamination with salt, and lost habitat for fish, birds, and plants.

Why would rising sea levels impact the tourism industry negatively?

Out of the total number of tourism facilities at risk, 31 % cannot physically withstand the event of sea level rise hazard. In terms of socio-economic vulnerability, accommodation facilities are the most susceptible. Salinization and sanitation problems along the coast will adversely affect tourism.

How does erosion affect tourism?

Beaches and extreme events For many destinations, beach erosion is the principal concern. Declining beach conditions impact adversely on tourism revenue; but conversely, in areas where eroded beaches have been restored, tourist visits and revenues have increased (Table 5).

What are the major islands of Indonesia?

The largest islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan ( Indonesian Borneo), Sulawesi, and the Indonesian part of New Guinea (known as Papua or Irian Jaya).

What is the sea level of Indonesia?

Indonesia is an archipelagic country located in Southeast Asia, lying between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Geography of Indonesia.

Continent Asia
Highest point Puncak Jaya (Carstensz Pyramid) 4,884 m (16,024 ft)
Lowest point Sea level 0 m (0 ft)
Longest river Kapuas River 1,143 km (710 mi)
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Why are sea levels rising in Jakarta?

Jakarta is frequently subjected to earthquakes, landslides and flash floods that take lives and displace thousands of people. Uncontrolled groundwater drainage has led the city to sink at alarming rates, which, combined with rising sea levels is expected to fully sink the city by the end of the century.

What is the direct cause of rising sea levels?

Global warming is the primary cause of current sea level rise. Human activities, such as burning coal and oil and cutting down tropical forests, have increased atmospheric concentrations of heat-trapping gases and caused the planet to warm by 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit since 1880.

What is the most significant cause of observed sea level rise?

Most of the observed sea level rise (about 3 mm per year) is coming from the meltwater of land-based ice sheets and mountain glaciers, which adds to the ocean’s volume (about 2 mm per year combined), and from thermal expansion, or the ocean water’s expansion as it warms (roughly 1 mm per year).

What are the two main factors contributing to sea level rise?

The two major causes of global sea level rise are thermal expansion caused by warming of the ocean (since water expands as it warms) and increased melting of land-based ice, such as glaciers and ice sheets.

What are the 3 causes of sea level rise?

Ice melting from land into the ocean, warming waters that expand, a slowing Gulf Stream, and sinking land all contribute to sea level rise. Although a global phenomenon, the amount and speed of sea level rise varies by location, even between the East and the West Coasts.

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Which cities will be underwater by 2050?

Many small island nations will be catastrophically affected by sea-level rises in the future, including The Bahamas, which was devastated by Hurricane Dorian in 2019. Most of Grand Bahama, including Nassau (pictured), Abaco and Spanish Wells are projected to be underwater by 2050 because of climate change.

Who will be affected by rising sea levels?

Rising Sea Levels Will Threaten 200 Million People by 2100 According to new research published by scientific magazine Nature Communications, 200 million people in the world will live below the sea level line by 2100. An additional 160 million will be affected by higher annual flooding due to rising ocean levels.

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