FAQ: What Is Transplant Tourism?

What is the definition of transplant tourism?

Transplant tourism is a phenomenon where patients travel abroad to purchase organs for transplants. This paper presents the results of a fieldwork study by describing the experiences of Dutch transplant professionals confronted by patients who allegedly purchased kidney transplants abroad.

Why is transplant tourism bad?

These transplant tourists may be subject to sub-standard surgical techniques, poor organ matching, unhealthy donors, and post transplant infections, prompting US health care institutions to refuse treatment of these patients upon return to the US.

Why do people transplant tourism?

People tend to travel for transplantation, either because it is not available in their home country, such as Tajikistan and Azerbaijan, or if the facilities are adequate in their home land, there are not enough organs available.

Is transplant tourism illegal in the US?

TT has become tarnished by organ trafficking and commercialisation and is often thought to be illegal. However, not all medical tourism that entails the travel of transplant recipients or donors across national borders is associated with unethical behaviour.

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How is organ transplant done?

This type of organ transplantation involves grafting of donor skin onto a patient’s body and the use of immunosuppressive drugs to prevent graft rejection. Once the organ transplant surgery is carried out, the patient is kept under medical observation for a length of time.

How common is transplant tourism?

Transplant tourism, in which a patient travels to another country to acquire an organ, is thought to make up 10% of all solid organ transplants worldwide.

Where is transplant tourism illegal?

Canadians are among those who travel abroad to obtain organs through commercial transactions. This practice — often called transplant tourism — has been condemned by the international community,4,5 including the World Health Organization, and is illegal in many countries, including Canada.

Where is organ trafficking most common?

Mexico is not considered one of the worst countries for organ trafficking; the grisly practice is thought to be most prevalent in Israel, India, China, Pakistan, Turkey, Brazil, Nepal, the Philippines, Kosovo, Iran, and former Soviet states in eastern Europe.

How many illegal organ transplants are performed each year?

With a shortage of legally sourced organs around the world, it is estimated that the illegal trade of human organs generates about 1.5 billion dollars each year from roughly 12,000 illegal transplants [2].

How long does it take to get an organ transplant in China?

Wait periods for organ transplants in China are significantly shorter than elsewhere in the world. According to a 2006 post on the China International Transplantation Assistance Center website, “it may take only one month to receive a liver transplantation, the maximum waiting time being two months.

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What is meant by medical tourism?

Medical tourism can be defined as the process of traveling outside the country of residence for the purpose of receiving medical care. Originally, the term referred to the travel of patients from less-developed countries to developed nations in pursuit of the treatments not available in their homeland.

What is transplant commercialism?

” Transplant commercialism ” was defined as a policy or practice in which an organ is treated as a commodity, including by being bought or sold or used for material gain. Furthermore, transplant tourists hinder the development of deceased or altruistic live donation in the client country.

What is organ harvesting in China?

For years China harvested the organs of executed prisoners to help meet demand, a practice that came under widespread global criticism. It was officially stopped in 2015 but authorities at the time said it would be tough to ensure compliance. The country now relies on public donations to its national organ bank.

Why do organs traffick?

Global organ trafficking is driven by an international shortage of organs and a growing number of deaths as a result of waiting too long for an organ. Organs generally come from vulnerable populations in countries with lax laws on organ trade, and go to recipients in wealthier countries.

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